Chemical Bonds: Electrostatic Speed Dating

Published by French physicist Charles Augustin de Coulomb and fundamental to the development of the theory of electromagnetism, Coulomb’s law outlined the basics of chemical bonds. The bondings of atoms occurs due to electrostatic force, which is defined simply as the electrons from one atom being attracted to the protons of another.

The distance at which the attractive and repulsive forces of nuclei cancel each other out is called the bond length. The bond length is the ideal distance for two atoms to bond and at which it takes minimal energy to do so.

Lee is a freelance writer with a keen interest in history and science.