Transcription and Translation: DNA Providing Instructions for Cells

Genetic information stored inside DNA is a living archive of instructions that cells use to carry out specific functions in the body. The DNA making up the human genome can be subdivided into information bytes called genes.

Cells use the two-step process of transcription (the instructions hard-coded into our DNA) and translation (how the body relays the information to its cells) to read each gene and produce the correctly aligned string of amino acids to construct various proteins.

This video explores the processes involved in the transcription and translation of genetic  information and the ingenious ways in which our DNA is coded to allow our bodies all of their basic functions.