The East African Campaign and the Fall of Eritrea

The East African Campaign was defined by a number of World War Two battles fought in the Horn of Africa. British forces led an Allied advance into Italian-occupied territory between June 1940 and November 1941. Italian troops retreated through Somaliland, Eritrea and Ethiopia before eventually surrendering after the Battle of Gondar.

This video shows British forces entering Asmara and accepting the surrender of the town. In total, the East African Campaign saw 6,000 Italian casualties and 230,000 captured troops compared to 4,000 Allied casualties. Eritrea remained under British military administration for the remainder of the war.

Lee is a freelance writer with a keen interest in history and science.