How the Great War Continued to Have a Global Impact in 1915

Week 26 of the Mediakraft Networks YouTube show The Great War, written and presented by Indiana Neidell.

Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck Victorious at Jassin

On 19 January General von Lettow-Vorbeck took Jassin which was held by the British on the frontier between British and German East African colonies. Although Jassin was weakly defended von Lettow-Vorbeck was prompted by the battle to conservere his men and equipment as he was outnumbered by a long way and not easily able to acquire more ammunition.

Thereafter he did not confront the British colonial forces directly and with only around 10,000 men he waged a guerrilla campaign which kept hundreds of thousands of enemy troops occupied in East Africa and away from the European theater.

Champagne Offensive Concluding

French offensive action on the western front continued into 1915 and on 13 January the Battle of Artois ended. The French had advanced by less than a mile since the beginning of the offensive.

Conflict in Oman

British and Indian soldiers were defending Muscat where the British supported the sultan Taimur bin Feisal. Taimur did not however command the loyalty of all groups within his country. When the british began interfering in the highly profitable arms trade in the region many people became resentful and rallied behind the Imam of Oman who resented the extent to which the British influence the sultan.

Backed by the Germans and Ottomans the discontented groups in Oman attacked the Muscat where the sultan was based. The British Empire soldiers were able to resist the attack but it was indicative of a growing struggle for influence in the region between local leaders, and the empires of Britain, France, Germany and Turkey.

German Air Attacks Against Britiain

On 19 January zeppelins bomb Great Yarmouth killing 4 people. In practical terms this impact was small but in terms of German strategy it was believed that attacking civilian targets would break the British morale and bring the war to an early end.

Further Reading

[AMAZONPRODUCTS asin=”0753823497, 1849042748″ NumberOfItems=”2″]

Alex is a history student at King's College London focusing on Europe and the Near East in the Middle Ages. He currently works writing and editing content for madefromhistory.