How Much Fuel Did the Major Powers Use From 1890-1920?

This chart shows the per-year energy consumption of major powers in millions of tons of coal or equivalent from the years 1890 to 1920. Historian Paul Kennedy regards this as ‘the best measure of a nation’s industrialisation’.

In terms of understanding the background to World War One, this is important information due to the fact that industrial development was key to military success as well as being a point of national rivalry which was one of the main underlying causes of the war.

Annual Fuel Usage in Millions of Tons of Coal 1890-1920

Alex is a history student at King's College London focusing on Europe and the Near East in the Middle Ages. He currently works writing and editing content for madefromhistory.