Ancient Egypt in a Nutshell: The Nile, the Three Kingdoms and Tutankhamun

The Ancient Egyptian civilisation is exceptionally famous because it continued without massive cultural change for almost 3,000 years. All its cities were built beside the Nile, a very manageable river; making farming easy and productive. There were normally food surpluses, hence the Egyptians had time to develop an elaborate culture and an optimistic religion.

Egyptian history is divided into three main periods:

1. The wealthy Old Kingdom, which was the period of pyramid-building and pharaohs, Egypt’s ‘divine’ rulers.

2. The Middle Kingdom, following a period of droughts and conflict, saw the restoration of the pharaohs, now from Nubia, and the invasion and later expulsion of the Hyksos.

3. The New Kingdom rulers, with imperial tendencies, invaded other lands in the pursuit of wealth.

I graduated in English language and literature with Latin subsidiary. I write poetry, act, and have worked in reference and educational publishing for decades. I was commissioned in 1994 to write The Ladybird Book of Kings and Queens, did extensive editing and writing for Harraps 20th-century History series, and was one of the contributors to Helicon's Book of the Millennium, a 4-volume children's world history book.